Dr. Robert L. Cranfield first published the study back in 2016, but now it’s finally making the rounds
Back in 2016, a study was published on ResearchGate that showed a massive reduction in harm when making the switch to vaping. Unfortunately, this study didn’t pick up much speed and was quickly forgotten, that is until now. The study, which was conducted by Dr. Robert L. Cranfield, has recently been circulating around academic paper hubs such as Google Scholar, and for a good reason. His initial goals were to understand how vaping for several years affects health, as well as which demographics are the most affected. The results of his surveying found that vaping accounts for a massive 96% reduction in risk of ill health.
This could prove to be incredibly valuable, as nearly 500,000 people die each year in America alone due to smoking-related disease. This includes almost 50,000 people whose conditions were caused by second-hand smoke. Their numbers were clear, if every smoker switched to vaping, $309 billion would be saved in medical costs, in addition to the millions of lives saved. These days it’s becoming a more common practice, but this study was one of the first to take a closer look at the long-term effects of vaping. Now that e-cigarettes are more accepted as a smoking cessation tool, this study has been given brand new life and offers us some significant insights.
How They Tested
The research survey was made up of two distinct portions. First, they wanted to gather demographic information that would help them better understand and organize their results. The second part was concerned with the health level of participants both when they were smokers and now that they have made the switch to vaping. This survey was spread both online through social media, and in vape shops across the southeast US. Over the six month period between March and August of 2015 when they were accepting responses, nearly 600 people gave their accounts. An overwhelming majority of respondents took the online survey, 527 of 573.
The three main groups studied by researchers were vapers who had been using e-cigarettes for at least three years, vapers who had never smoked before vaping, and vapers who didn’t experience any adverse health effects while they were smokers. Each respondent was asked to rate their health level both during and after being a smoker on a scale from one to ten (one being the worst health). Also, they were asked about any smoking-related conditions they developed while smoking, as well as if they got worse or better once the respondent started vaping. They also asked if they had developed any conditions while vaping that they hadn’t had when smoking.
Results Of Testing
After Dr. Cranfield and his team analyzed all of the responses, some very clear and intriguing trends were noted. As stated above, the most impressive statistic was that among the 108 respondents who had vaped for at least three full years, there was a reported 96% drop in frequency of health issues, falling all the way to 0.07 from 1.78. The other very significant piece of information is that on average, there was one total alleviation of a smoking-related condition among former smoking vapers. The situation resolved was typically shortness of breath, but it was also reported with respiratory infections, palpitations, hypertension, as well as both Acute and Chronic bronchitis.
But possibly the most important result, only one respondent out of the 136 who reported never having an adverse health effect to smoking, said they developed one while vaping. Even better, not a single member of the never-smoking group reported they developed anything after starting to vape. These encouraging results carried over into the personal assessment as well, with the average self-reported health level rising from 3.93 all the way to 8.27. These numbers were the averages for all 573 respondents, but this trend was observed in each of the subgroups as well.
This study provides some handy and relevant information, but Dr. Cranfield made sure to say that much more research is needed. He hoped that this study would serve as a springboard for other researchers to look into the long-term effects of vaping. While it may not have done the job how he intended, vaping has only become more and more accepted since this study was first published. We all understand the cost of smoking, as mentioned above it’s over nearly 500,000 lives every year, and that’s not to mention everyone suffering from diseases that haven’t killed them yet. This type of research is needed to get vaping on the fast track toward acceptance and support.
It may have taken over a year, but this study is finally having the intended impact, bolstering the ever-growing consensus on the dramatic harm reduction value of vaping. Many respected institutions have now published their own studies into the benefits of vaping. One of the most famous is the PHE study that found vaping to be at least 95% safer than smoking. Interestingly, the 96% reduction observed by Dr. Cranfield and his team seem to match with this perfectly. As long as tobacco use continues to cost hundreds of thousands of lives every year, it’s vital that vaping is supported. The best way for us to make a case for e-cigarettes stronger is to support research and spread the word like wildfire. We can make the difference.
What took so long for this study to gain traction? What differences in your health have you noticed since making the switch to vaping? What about Dr. Cranfield’s study did you find most surprising? Let us know in the comments.